News and Cases from China: July 2018

西湖音乐喷泉案二审宣判 喷射效果呈现构成作品

北京中科水景科技有限公司以著作权侵权为由,将中科恒业公司、杭州西湖风景名胜区湖滨管理处告上法庭。该案因涉及音乐喷泉喷射效果的呈现是否构成作品,被称为“中国喷泉著作权纠纷第一案”。

法院一审判决二被告停止侵权、公开致歉、赔偿经济损失及合理支出共计9万元。一审法院认为音乐喷泉作品或音乐喷泉编曲作品虽未明确规定在著作权法中,但这种作品本身确实具有独创性,应受保护,因此认定二被告侵权。被告不服一审判决向北京知识产权法院提起上诉。

二审法院维持原判。法院审理认为:涉案客体通过对喷泉水型等的变化与音乐情感结合而进行的安排,展现出的一种艺术美感表达,满足“可复制性”要求。由于其客体是由灯光等多种要素共同构成的动态立体造型表达,其喷射效果呈现具有审美意义,构成美术作品。中科水景公司实际创作了涉案作品,依法享有该作品的著作权。二被告未经许可,喷放涉案作品且未署名著作权人,已经构成侵权行为。此外,被告喷放涉案作品的行为系商业行为,目的在于吸引消费者,促进消费,不符合合理使用的法律规定,也不符合对室外艺术品的复制构成合理使用的情形。

Beijing Intellectual Property Court extends Copyright Protection to Musical Fountain

In 2016, Beijing Water Design Technology Co., Ltd. (Beijing Water Design), a company well-known for its musical fountains, combining water, music, and lighting effects, brought copyright infringement proceedings against Beijing CSCA Technology  Co. Ltd  (CSCA) and the Lake Department of the Hangzhou Administration Commission of West Lake Scenic Area.  The central question in the case was whether Beijing Water Design’s musical fountain constitutes a work capable of protection.

At first instance, the Beijing Haidian District People’s Court held that it does.  Although it does not fit neatly into the categories of copyright work, it is an original work, capable of being reproduced.  As such it should be protected.  It found that CSCA’s fountain was substantially similar to one previously created by Beijing Water Design and that Beijing Water Design’s copyright had been infringed.  The Court ordered the Defendants to cease the infringement, publicly apologize, and pay damages and costs in the sum of RMB 90,000 (approx. US$ 13,470).  The Defendant appealed to the Beijing Intellectual Property Court.

The Beijing Intellectual Property Court upheld the decision at first instance.  It found that the Plaintiff’s musical fountain constituted an original work that was made up of a variety of programmed elements, including water movement, light, colour and music, and capable of being reproduced.  Thus, it qualified for copyright protection.   

The two Defendants had, without permission, reproduced the Plaintiff’s work and infringed copyright.  Because the Defendants‘ use of the fountain was commercial in nature, the fair use provisions did not apply.

 

四部门“剑网2018”专项行动启动:重点整治自媒体

716日,国家版权局、国家互联网信息办公室、工业和信息化部、公安部联合启动打击网络侵权盗版“剑网2018”专项行动。该项行动将针对网络转载、短视频、动漫等重点领域开展为期四个多月的版权专项整治。

一、在网络转载版权问题上,通过集中查处违法案件,依法关闭非法新闻网站、微博账号、微信公众号等,打击未经许可转载、摘编整合、歪曲篡改新闻作品的侵权行为,整治自媒体通过“洗稿”方式抄袭剽窃、篡改删减原创作品的侵权行为。

二、在短视频版权问题上,专项行动将把抖音短视频、快手等短视频应用程序纳入重点监管。一方面打击短视频领域的各类侵权行为,另一方面引导短视频平台企业规范版权授权和传播规则。

三、在平台版权问题上,将重点治理行动集中在三方面:第一,动漫领域版权集中治理;第二,网络直播、知识分享、有声读物平台版权集中治理;第三,巩固“剑网”行动治理成果。

China SwordNet Action 2018 Fight Against Copyright Infringement

On 16 July, the National Copyright Administration of China and the National Network Information Office, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, and the Ministry of Public Security jointly announced the launch of China’s 2018 Sword Net Action.  Sword Net Action is an annual campaign against online piracy.  This year, from July to November, it is focusing on copyright infringement and piracy in the areas of the online reproduction of printed works, short videos, and other key areas including animation and audiobooks.

In relation to the reproduction of printed material, steps will be taken to combat the unauthorized reprinting, extraction, distortion and falsification of materials on news websites, Weibo accounts, and WeChat public accounts. 

Action in relation to short videos will include consideration of short video Apps such as Tik tok (Douyin.com) and Kuaishou.com. On the one hand, the action aims to combat all kinds of infringement in relation to short videos; on the other, it provides guidance to short video platform enterprises in relation to copyright authorization and broadcast rules.

In relation to other key areas, the action concentrates generally on the prevention of unauthorized use of works on the relevant platforms.

 

区块链技术电子存证首次在中国被认定具备法律效力

2018628日,在对一起侵害作品网络传播权纠纷案公开宣判时,杭州互联网法庭首次确认区块链技术电子存证具备法律效力;并在全国范围内,首次规范了电子证据的审查程序以及方法。

本案中,原告华泰一媒公司在向法院证明被告深圳某公司在其名下的网页上发布原告享有著作权的作品时,并没有通过公证处等第三方权威机构,而是直接通过第三方存证网站,对侵权页面进行了自动抓取和源码识别。

最终,法院认定通过此类方法可以保证电子存证来源的真实性及可靠性,据此判决被告深圳某公司赔偿华泰一媒4000元经济损失。

Court accepts evidence collected via Blockchain Technology

On 28 June, the Hangzhou Internet Court confirmed for the first time that electronic evidence secured via blockchain technology is legally effective.  The decision was made in the context of an action for copyright infringement

In this case, in order to prove that the Defendant had published the copyright works on its website, the Plaintiff, Huatai Media Culture Media Co., Ltd. (Huatai), relied on a third-party evidence preservation website,Baoquan.com, that uses blockchain technology. 

The Court held that the source of the evidence was reliable and authentic and that the Defendant had infringed copyright.

 

上海知识产权法院就一起软件著作权侵权纠纷案作出1505万高额判赔

上海同捷科技股份有限公司近日被爆出涉嫌非法使用CATIA系列软件。该系列软件的著作权人为法国达索系统股份有限公司,故达索公司将同捷公司起诉至上海知识产权法院。法院经审理后,判令同捷公司停止侵权行为,而确定本案赔偿额则成为一大焦点问题。

在最终确定本案赔偿额这一问题上,法院表示主要考虑了如下几个因素:第一是侵权数量。2017511日,执行法官来到同捷公司厂址对安装CATIA软件的电脑采取证据保全措施。现场抽查的18台同捷公司的电脑中,有16台安装了CATIA系列软件。由此推论,同捷公司所有的180台电脑中,有160台安装了涉案软件。第二点是同捷公司自2006后就再没有为使用CATIA软件支付过任何费用。根据达索公司所提供的证据,CATIA软件的售价大约为20万元。同捷公司表示CATIA的售价大约为10万元。

据此,上海知识产权法院做出上述判决,并判令同捷公司赔偿达索公司经济损失以及合理费用共计1505万元。值得注意的是,这是就同年六月份针对另一起软件侵权案作出900万元的判决后,中国法院做出的第二起高额判赔。

Shanghai Intellectual Property Court awards RMB 15.05 million (approx. USD 2.2 million) in  Software Copyright Infringement action

Dassault Systèmes Co., Ltd (Dassault), a French company, brought copyright infringement proceedings against Shanghai Tongjie Technology Co., Ltd. (Tongjie) in relation to the unauthorised reproduction of its CATIA series software. The Shanghai Intellectual Property Court held that Tongjie had infringed and ordered it to stop; however, determination of the amount of compensation became a major issue.

The Court ordered Tonglie to pay compensation for economic loss and reasonable expenses in the sum of RMB 15.05 million (approx. US$2.2 million).  This is the second time the Courts have recently made a large damages award in a software infringement case.  In June, damages of RMB 9 million (approx. US$ 1.3 million) were awarded,

When finalizing the amount of compensation, the Court stated that the following factors had been considered: First, the extent of the infringement. On 11 May 2017, the executive judge visited Tongjie’s premises and found that 16 of the 18 computers examined had the CATIA series software installed. On that basis, it could be inferred that 160 of the 180 computers owned by Tongjie would have the copyrighted software installed. Secondly, Tongjie had not paid any fees for using CATIA software since 2006. According to the evidence provided by Dassault, and accepted by the Court, the price of CATIA software was about RMB 200,000 (approx. US$ 29,200), whereas Tongjie had claimed that the price of CATIA was about RMB 100,000 (approx. USD 14600).